The NCSA is a type of enabling activity within the Department of Environment that specifically focuses on capacity development.  The NCSA is a flexible & powerful tool to help Fiji examine its environment commitment in a holistic and integrated fashion.
The NCSA focuses on assessing Fiji’s Capacity to meet its Rio Convention Obligation namely the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the United Nation Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

In January 2000, UNDP and the Global Environment Facility Council (GEF) Secretariat launched the Capacity Development Initiative (CDI), a strategic partnership designed to produce a more comprehensive and strategic approach to building the capacity of developing countries to meet their global environmental commitments.  Drawing on the conclusions from the CDI, in May 2001 the GEF Council approved the new National Capacity Self Assessment (NCSA) Process. The NCSA developed from the principle that the country itself undertaking the NCSA takes the lead role in self assessing its capacity, in identifying its capacity gap and constraint areas and develop capacity development strategies to address its capacity gaps. The executing agency for the implementation of NCSA is the Department of Environment under the Ministry of Local Government, Urban Development, Housing and Environment.
The Department of Environment’s Vision is made up of two main elements:
• To promote the sustainable use and development of Fiji’s environment and efficient implementation of policies, legislation and programs.
• To fulfill Fiji’s Obligation under regional and international environment related conventions and treaties.

In Fiji, The NCSA program has worked towards the goal of establishing a strategic plan to enable our economy to grow, while encouraging environmental standards.  The department of Environment has been the principal agency responsible for executing this plan.